On The Relationship Between Online Gaussian Process Regression And Kernel Least Mean Squares Algorithms
Steven Van Vaerenbergh, University of Cantabria
Jesus Fernandez-Bes, University of Zaragoza
Victor Elvira, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

We study the relationship between online Gaussian process (GP) regression and kernel least mean squares (KLMS) algorithms. While the latter have no capacity of storing the entire posterior distribution during online learning, we discover that their operation corresponds to the assumption of a fixed posterior covariance that follows a simple parametric model. Interestingly, several well-known KLMS algorithms correspond to specific cases of this model. The probabilistic perspective allows us to understand how each of them handles uncertainty, which could explain some of their performance differences.